|Descriptive Geography and Brief Historical Sketch of
By Rabbi Joseph Schwarz
boundaries of the territory of Simeon are, it is true, not laid down in the
Scriptures; for his portion was contained in the midst of that of the sons of
Judah (Joshua 14:1); but as the towns which fell to this tribe are designated,
the boundaries can thereby be ascertained, and this gives us the following
the east this territory extended as far as Moladah; thence the boundary ran
southwesterly to the Wady Kiseimi, i.e. Azmon or Ezem; thence it ran north to
the Wady Sheria (the stream Besor), near Ziklag, for this belonged to Simeon,
and lay on the northern part of this Wady; it extended then farther north to the
Wady Simsum, on the northern edge of which is the village of the same name,
which I suppose to be the ancient Sansannah, and reached as far as Baahath Be'er,
which is the modern village Beilin, situated 1 English mile north of Barkusia,--(in 1 Chron. 4:32, it is called Baal). Hieronymus says,
8 mill from Eleutheropolis," which suits exactly for Beilin; but this town
itself, forming as it did the most northern point of the territory of Simeon,
belonged to the tribe of Dan. Towards the south there were Beersheba, Moladah,
Chazar-Shual, &c. In the Lowland were Attar, Ashan, Chazar-Susah, &c.
But the district, however, which lay between this and the Mediterranean,
remained the property of the tribe of Judah. (Judges 2:18.)*
* In Echa Rabbethi to ch. 2:2, is mentioned a mountain of Simeon, which proves that this tribe must have possessed likewise a part of the mountains belonging to Judah.
Having already described the greater part of the towns of simeon when treating of the territory of Judah, we have to notice only the following:
and Chazar-Susah בית
סוסה (Joshua 19:5), are probably identical with the
so-called "chariot cities" of 2 Chron. 1:14; and these were Madmannah and
Sansannah, mentioned in the territory of Judah.
and Rimmon עין
רמון (ibid. 19:7). The
Septuagint translates these names with Thalche, which was a village at the time
of Hieronymus, called Thalla, about 15 mill from Eleutheropolis, but is at
Etam עיטם (1 Chron. 4:32; Judges 15:8). There is a village, 2½ English miles north of Beth-Djibrin, called Gutna, as much as Utna, corrupted, perhaps, from Utma, and this from Etam. Josephus (Ant., book 5, chap 1.), says, to Simeon belonged a part of Judea, which bordered on Arabia and Egypt.
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